The only way to diagnose Obstructive Sleep Apnea is to have a sleep test, called a Polysomnogram (PSG), performed by a qualified physician at your home or in a hospital sleep center. There are, however, various surveys and questionnaires that are used to help determine an individual’s risk level.
American Sleep Apnea Association Survey
The American Sleep Apnea Association has created the following survey to help you decide whether or not you are at risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
- Are you a loud and/or regular snorer?
- Have you ever been observed to gasp or stop breathing during sleep?
- Do you feel tired or groggy upon awakening or do you awaken with a headache?
- Are you often tired or fatigued during the wake time hours?
- Do you fall asleep sitting, reading, watching TV or driving?
- Do you often have problems with memory or concentration?
If you answered “yes” to any of the above questions, you are at higher risk for having Obstructive Sleep Apnea and you should discuss your symptoms with your physician or a sleep specialist.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is a self-administered questionnaire used to measure daytime sleepiness and to assist in diagnosing sleep disorders. The scale provides a diagnostically relevant score based on the answers to eight questions. It is widely used around the world by doctors, sleep professionals, and mental health professionals. If your score is greater than 10, you should evaluate your sleep habits, increase the amount of sleep you get each night, or see a sleep specialist to rule out possible causes of sleep deprivation.
Click here to view the Epworth Sleepiness Scale formatted in PDF. You may find it useful to print out and answer this questionnaire in order to bring it with you to a sleep specialist.